Mistakenly my day2 post was deleted and sadly i have lost all those precious comments that readers gave. I am posting my article again with heavy heart. :(
Day2 theme of WriteTribe Festival of Words – a seven day blogging challenge is “7 Nuclear Plants of India”.
It is very common about 7 days in a week, 7 wonders of the world, 7 colors of rainbow and now i am going to ascribe little bit uncommon that people might not aware:7 critical locations of India where nuclear power generates.
There is a big reason in choosing this topic.
Do you remember the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster(year 2011) in Japan??
All of you know (i am considering)
How many of you are actually aware of the term Nuclear and Nucleons (combination of protons and neutrons)??
I know almost everyone study these terms in chemistry classes (school) . Also, chemistry is the must subject for all engineering students in first year (i have studied even being Electronics Engineer)
Now, the reason of sharing Nuclear Theme because when the Japan disaster happened late in 2011, i was actually not aware of : Which central organization is dealing with “Nuclear Power”our country? How many plants are available in India and where?
Do you know??
Now the answer i know probably. Do not be shy, 85% people are unaware. Please continue reading as it may be worth to know that disaster can happen anywhere.
Being embarrassed with self knowledge i have done lot of research for some time then. It is my genuine effort in making combine article to make all of you little aware with nuclear power or nuclear energy which is used to generate useful heat and electricity.
Why Nuclear Power??
Electricity is a basic input which is closely related to the economic development of a country In-spite of the impressive strides in increasing overall installed capacity in the country, we are still facing power shortages. Options available for commercial electricity generation are hydro, thermal, nuclear and renewable. In the energy planning of the country, a judicious mix of hydro, thermal, nuclear and renewable is an important aspect. Diversified energy resource-base is essential to meet electricity requirements and to ensure long-term energy security. With the limited resources of coal and oil available in the country and with growing global concerns of greenhouse gases generated by fossil-fuel- fired-stations, nuclear power is being called upon to play a greater role in medium- and longterm perspective.
The organization who has a larger scale in developing nuclear power is - Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), a Public Sector Enterprise under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Government of India. It was incorporated on September 17, 1987 as a Public Limited Company under the Companies Act 1956, with the objective of operating the atomic power stations and implementing the atomic power projects for the generation of electricity, in pursuance of the schemes and programmes of government of India under the Atomic Energy Act.
To develop nuclear power technology and to produce nuclear power as a safe, environmentally benign and an economically viable source of electrical energy to meet the increasing electricity needs of the country.
Nuclear Power Plant: A nuclear power plant is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactors. Nuclear power plants are some of the most sophisticated and complex energy systems ever designed. Any complex system, no matter how well it is designed and engineered, cannot be deemed failure-proof. That is the reason it is located miles from the living location. In many countries, plants are often located on the coast, in order to provide a ready source of cooling water for the essential water system. As a consequence the design needs to take the risk of flooding and tsunamic into account
As of Jan`2013, the IAEA report there are 439 nuclear power reactors in operation operating in 31 countries.
7 Operational Plants of India:
RAPS - Rajasthamn Atomic Power Station (Rawatbhata - Rajasthan)
MAPS - Madras Atomic Power Station (Kalpakkam - Tamilnadu)
NAPS- Narora Atomic Power Station (Bulandshehar - Uttar Pradesh)
KAPS - Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (Surat - Gujrat)
KGS – Kaiga Generating Station (Karwar - Karnatka)
KNPP – Koodankulam Nuclear Power Project (Tirumelveli – Tamilnadu)
8th Proposed Nuclear plant – Expected launch 2017
JNPP – Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project (Ratnagiri, Maharashtra)